From the very first steps of treating a cold, most of us immediately make mistakes that contribute to a more protracted course of the disease and the development of complications. Here are just the most common ones.
Having felt the first symptoms of a cold, we immediately rush in search of a miraculous pill: to drink it – and immediately like a cucumber: no temperature, no cough, no cold. But doctors do not get tired of repeating: until the temperature has risen to 38–38.5 degrees, it is not necessary to shoot it down! A lower temperature is not threatening to the body; on the contrary, it protects it: it produces interferon and kills the virus. Knocking the temperature, we thereby reduce the body’s immune response, prevent it from fighting viruses. If the temperature has risen to 38–38.5 degrees, then it must be shot down to reduce the load on the cardiovascular system.
More advanced citizens, who understand that a cold should be treated, and not just eliminate its symptoms, often make a different mistake – from the very first day of the disease they prescribe antibiotics for themselves. However, in the treatment of colds, the causative agent of which is almost always the virus, antibacterial therapy is useless. As soon as a cold disease begins in the body, it itself activates defense mechanisms in the form of a runny nose and cough, the immune cells actively find and neutralize the pathogen. When we take an antibiotic, the body has to spend some of its resources on removing it. The antibiotic also kills the microflora, which, on the contrary, is our ally.
3. Nose Drops
A runny nose is a protective mechanism provided by nature, so do not strive to get rid of it in any way. Particularly unpleasant vasoconstrictor drops (the same naphthyzin). They dry the nasal mucosa, with the result that the virus multiplies freely and penetrates deeper, that is, the disease progresses. Therefore, these drops should try to apply as little as possible. In addition, the drops are addictive, and when used in young children there is a risk of overdose.
4. Mustard plasters and hot tubs
At body temperatures above 37.5 degrees, any thermal procedures are contraindicated. A hot bath expands blood vessels and helps in replicating and spreading viruses faster. Soaring legs at elevated body temperature is not recommended due to the fact that the load on the cardiovascular system increases. Banks and mustard plasters are contraindicated at temperature! They can be used only after the temperature has returned to normal, to stimulate the respiratory system. Irritation of the surface of the skin, for example, mustard plaster increases blood circulation in the lungs, which helps to avoid possible complications. But in the initial stage of a cold, banks and mustard plasters cannot be set up, and also warming compresses and grindings are prohibited. Inhalations are also not recommended – if a person has a temperature and he additionally takes cover with a blanket, breathes over the steam.
5. “Something for cough”
“Anything for cough” is a very vague concept. Medicines used when coughing are very diverse, some of them are absolutely incompatible. So, in no case should you take both antitussive drugs (bronholitin, tusuprex, stoptussin, libexin, etc.) and expectorant drugs (bromhexin, lasolvan, ACC, etc.). Suppressing cough remedies is generally best not to take without a doctor’s prescription, because this can lead to an accumulation of sputum and the development of pneumonia. Indications for use of these drugs are quite narrow: whooping cough, chronic bronchitis, smoker’s cough. With the simultaneous use of antitussive and expectorant drugs in the respiratory tract accumulates a large amount of sputum – and the risk of developing pneumonia increases many times.
6. “Harmless” folk methods
Despite all the warnings of doctors, onion juice drops are still leading among the popular methods of dealing with rhinitis. Someone inserts cloves of peeled garlic into their nostrils. Both methods are a guaranteed burn of the sensitive mucous membrane, which may be affected by problems with the smell. Onions and garlic, of course, contain useful volatile, which kill microbes, but they act only in open space, as they are volatile substances. So it is best to cut the onion and put it by the bed.
Not cope with colds and alcohol: treatment with vodka and other alcohol-containing beverages only undermines health, because, getting into a weakened body, they even more depress the immune system.